Medieval history Identity The division of warrior class into many castes and their consolidation commenced during the time of Kakatiya king Rudra I CE. According to Velugotivari Vamsavali and Padmanayakacharitra, texts written in medieval times, farmers Kapus became Kammas and Velamas  . The affiliation of Kammas as a caste to the ruling dynasties could not be ascribed till 11th century. However, there was some controversy regarding the origin of Kota kings . Kota kings married the women from Kakatiya dynasty E. Around this time many warriors from Kammanadu joined the forces of the Kakatiya dynasty.
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Medieval history Identity The division of warrior class into many castes and their consolidation commenced during the time of Kakatiya king Rudra I CE. According to Velugotivari Vamsavali and Padmanayakacharitra, texts written in medieval times, farmers Kapus became Kammas and Velamas  . The affiliation of Kammas as a caste to the ruling dynasties could not be ascribed till 11th century. However, there was some controversy regarding the origin of Kota kings .
Kota kings married the women from Kakatiya dynasty E. Around this time many warriors from Kammanadu joined the forces of the Kakatiya dynasty. In Warangal region Kammas are called Kamma Kapus. One of the most famous commanders during the time of Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra II was Dadi Nagadeva who played a prominent role in warding off the attack of the Yadava king of Devagiri . Ganna was the commander of Warangal fort.
He was captured, converted to Islam and taken to Delhi along with Prataparudra. Another warrior of repute was Muppidi Nayaka who went on an expedition to Kanchi , defeated the Pandya king and merged it with Kakatiya dynasty in CE.
In prolonged battles with Muslims between and CE. The inhuman atrocities perpetrated by the Muslims on Telugu people later prompted two Kamma chieftains, Musunuri Prolaya Nayaka and Musunuri Kapaya Nayaka, who served the Kakatiya king Prataparudra, to raise the banner of revolt. During the reign of Sri Krishnadevaraya Kammas belonging to thirty seven Gothras were living in the city of Vijayanagar. The Gandikota Kammas kept the Muslim rulers like the Bahmanis at bay and protected Telugu land for a long time to come.
The exploits of Ramalinga were extolled by many poets. Many commanders of these clans fought and protected the honour of Telugu country. The Zamindaris of Ilaiyarasanadal and Kurivikulam in Tamil Nadu belong to Pemmasani families  Martial clans: Many clans belonging to Kamma social group figure prominently in the battles during Vijayanagara era and in the subsequent years. Golkonda period Vijayanagara kingdom underwent very difficult times after the battle of Tallikota in It took another 90 years to consolidate the Muslim power in Andhra country with the capture of Gandikota in Kamma nayaks migrated in large numbers to the Tamil region.
During the Golkonda period, the Sayapaneni Nayaks ruled Dupadu region as vassals of the Golkonda sultans. Ibrahim Qutb Shah captured Kondavidu in Rayarao, his Maratha commander, appointed Deshmukhs and Chowdarys in villages.
Vasireddy Sadasiva Nayudu ruled Nandigama paragana from to Chinapadmanabha Nayudu got a grant of villages from Abul Hassan Tanisha in His successors ruled until During this period the French and the British were trying to gain control of the Andhra country.
Jaggayya ruled Chintapalli from onwards. The British gained control of Andhra by from Golkonda Nawabs. Another Kamma principality during Golkonda period was Devarakota with Challapalli as its capital. His successors ruled as vassals of Golkonda till the French took over in and later the British in The armies of Zamindars and Deshmukhs were dismantled and only the power of tax collection was left intact. These Zamindars encouraged modern education by establishing many schools and libraries.
Modern history After the decline of major kingdoms, Kammas controlled large fertile areas in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu , as a legacy of their martial past. The British recognized their prominence and made them village heads Talari also known as Chowdary to collect taxes.
The association of Kammas with the land and agriculture is legendary. The martial prowess of Kammas was put to good use to tame the lands in modern times. English historians like Edgar Thurston and noted agricultural scientists like M.
Randhawa eulogized the spirit of Kamma farmers. Construction of dams and barrages and establishment of an irrigation system in Godavari and Krishna river deltas by Sir Arthur Cotton was a great boon to the Kamma farmers.
Availability of water and the natural propensity for hard work made the Kammas wealthy and prosperous. Among all communities, Kammas were one of the first to take to education in large numbers. The zamindars of Challapalli and Kapileswarapuram founded many schools and libraries. In the modern times, the pace of the growth in wealth accelerated due to their enterprise and notable achievements in business, real estate, farming, arts and movie industry, education, medicine, engineering, media and high technology.
In the past fifty years, the enterprise of the Kammas has profoundly influenced every aspect of social, economic and political life of Andhra Pradesh , Tamil Nadu and the country in general. The contribution of Kammas to the economy of the state of Andhra Pradesh is significant. This migration is continuing in line with the many socio-cultural changes being experienced by the state of Andhra Pradesh. Posted by.
Thousands of years back some Dravidian language speaking groups came to India and settled here. Dravidians were originally living in upper Egypt and came to india through Mesopotamia, Iran, and Baluchistan. Some Dravidian Groups were in wheatish colour and some Dravidian Groups were in brown, wheatish and white colour at that time. Some of them largely mixed with ancient indians dark people.
KAMMA CHARITRA PDF
Zoloktilar He was one of the most controversial people in the history of Andhra Pradesh politics. Hoyasala king Vishnuvardhana was also mentioned in this clan. She marreid Velama Dora King. During the Golkonda period, the Sayapaneni Nayaks ruled Dupadu region as vassals of the Golkonda sultans.
Kammavari Samagra Charitra-1