They are broad categories which are defined and applied as follows: Published items are produced for distribution to the public on a commercial scale; e. The packaging itself can lend a form of identity to an item to be catalogued e. Note that material available through some computer networks, e. Unpublished items are not mass-produced and are not available for commercial distribution e. They are usually unique, the only additional copies being in-house archival preservation copies, dubbing masters or reference copies. These items do not have the attractive packaging of published material and may lack adequate identification in the form of a label, or documentation on the item or its container.
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See Digital video cassette professional. See Digital versatile disc. Acronym for European Broadcast Union. All the copies of an item produced from substantially the same master copy and published or issued by a particular publishing agency or group of agencies. Provided that these conditions are fulfilled, a change in identity of the distributor of the item does not constitute a change of edition.
For sound recordings, all the copies of an item produced from the same fixing of the sound from the same takes. Note, however that some reissues are different publications.
An edition statement is a word or phrase, or a group of characters indicating that an item belongs to a particular edition, issue, release, transmission, version or variation. The edition statement may include statement of responsibility and parallel and additional edition statements. Includes materials that may require the use of a peripheral e.
A word or phrase, or group of characters representing a distinct unit of bibliographic information and forming part of an area of the bibliographic description.
The increasing of signal-to-noise ratio of an audio recording by boosting the high frequencies during recording and de-emphasing or correspondingly attenuating them during playback. See Extended play. A professional digital cassette format for storage of data.
The specific intellectual or artistic form that a work takes each time it is realised. Extended play EP. In disc manufacturing, a recording mould formed by nickel plating the master disc. The resulting metal part can be used for pressing copies i.
Normally the by-product of research by a collector who travels into the field for the purpose of documenting some aspect of life in that location. The term commonly applies to sound recordings. Other by-products of field research may include, film or video footage, still photographs, and related documentation.
File format. The standard to which data is arranged in an electronic resource file. Film moving image. A series of still images collected onto a flexible and transparent piece of film so that they can be projected in a rapid sequence so as to give the illusion of motion.
Fixing of the sound. The process involved in determining the version that is published as a recording. It may result from the mix of several takes.
In archival description the fonds is the highest level of description in a multilevel description. A fonds may contain two or more separately acquired consignments of material. Similarly an acquired consignment of material may contain more than one fonds. Based on the RAD Format. In its widest sense, a particular physical presentation of an item.
A term indicating, broadly, the class of material to which an item belongs. In audiovisual media, the channel cut, embossed, or pressed into a recording medium i. Such a groove may be blank unmodulated or recorded modulated , or a combination of both.
A cut recording contains only one groove cut, or embossed, spirally from the beginning to the end of the item, but it is more common to refer to this groove in the plural: grooves.
Hi8 High 8. See Video High 8. Host item record. Catalogue record describing an item with contents of more than one part, e. See also Analytic record; Multilevel description.
Interactive multimedia. Media residing in one or more physical carriers e. Interactive multimedia should exhibit the following two characteristics: 1. CIS Brief No. The international code of 10 digits that identifies a book i. A code and numerical identifier developed by the International Standards Office and adopted as an international standard in as a means of identifying all or individual parts of audio, video, or audiovisual recordings internationally throughout the life of the recordings.
ISRC is intended for use by producers of audio, video, or audiovisual recordings as well as by copyright organisations, broadcasting organisations, archives, libraries, etc. The measurement of the speed at which tape or wire recording passes through a tape or wire player. Tape speeds are based on the early standard of 30 ips.
In many areas ips are being replaced by the equivalent metric figures i. See International Standard Book Number. See International Standard Recording Code. See International Standard Serial Number. See International Standard Work Code. A single examplar of a manifestation. An item is a concrete entity. It is in many instances a single physical object e. There are instances, however, where the entity defined as item comprises more than one physical object e.
Kinescope film Kine. A particular type of motion picture film made for optimum filming from a television screen. An item containing two or more categories of material, no one of which is identifiable as the predominant constituent of the item; also designated as multimedia item prior to the introduction of electronic multimedia. Any affixed paper, plastic, slip, ribbon, etc. In automated record processing, a code used to identify an item of data, an area of memory, a record, or a file.
The physical area of a recorded sound item which would normally bear the label. Sometimes the label area may lack an affixed label, and instead contain identifying information written with chinagraph pencil, or etched into the area lacquer discs, and coarse groove and microgroove discs, etc. Label name sound recording. In cataloguing of published sound recordings, the label name is given as the name of the publisher.
A recording disc, either single or double-sided, made with a core of metal, glass or fibre and coated with a lacquer compound, usually acetate or cellulose nitrate, into which the grooves are cut; intended for instantaneous recording. Following the use of a wax master and until direct metal mastering became prevalent, the lacquer disc was, also, the first step in the record production procedure leading to final pressed recordings.
Before the introduction and acceptance of magnetic tape it was the most widely used form of instantaneous recording; also referred to as acetate disc. Includes CDs and videodiscs; may be mass-produced and pre-recorded, or blank and intended for the user to record, in which case only one copy is produced. The content of these media is digitally encoded except for video on a videodisc which is in analogue form and etched into a reflective layer on the disc in the form of holes or pits depressions.
A laser light beam is focused on the disc as it revolves; where there are no depressions, the light beam simply moves on; where there are depressions, the light beam is reflected back into the playback apparatus, which reads the reflections and eventually converts them back into an analogue signal for playback. The non-data programme grooves preceding and succeeding the data programme on a disc. The purpose of such grooves is to guide the pick up or tone arm into the first recorded grooves and out of the last recorded grooves.
See also Wax, The. Legal deposit. Under the law of various countries, the piece s of materials, usually publications, required to be placed with one or more repositories. The deposit requirements vary widely from country to country. Long play video. The four 4 hour speed on a VHS videocassette recording when using a T cassette. A comparative term to describe the length of duration of a recording of greater duration than was previously available. The term has been used since the early days of the 20th century, first by the British company, Neophone, for its inch vertical cut discs.
A length of audio tape, moving-image film, or tape that is joined together at both ends in order to permit playback without rewinding. See Long playing recording sound recording Magnetic tape. A flat, thin strip of material either capable of being magnetically charged, or coated with particles capable of being magnetically charged, which is used for recording analogue or digital data. Magnetic tape is stored on reels, in cassettes, and in cartridges.
A disc similar to the CD, but re-writable. Used for the storage of all types of data. Different formats are in existence. The physical embodiment of an expression of a work. In disc recording, a metal part recorded directly or generated from a lacquer original which may be used to generate additional metal moulds by electroforming or to press discs. Master disc. A finished disc recording in edited or approved form from which copies can be made in the recording producing process. It is used to produce a reverse copy or metal matrix which has ridges instead of grooves that is then used as a stamper for producing copies in the single-step process, or is used to produce a metal mother in the three-step process.
A completed tape, used in tape-to-disc transfer, or from which other tape copies are produced. The number allocated to each side of a directly cut audio disc record, assigned by the record company at the time of recording, or sometimes in advance.
Information about IASA
International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives