Mackinder postulated the following, which became known as the Heartland Theory: Who rules Eastern Europe commands the Heartland Who rules the Heartland commands the World Island Who rules the World Island commands the world The "heartland" he also referred to as the "pivot area" and as the core of Eurasia , and he considered all of Europe and Asia as the World Island. Nations with large navies were at an advantage over those that could not successfully navigate the oceans, Mackinder suggested. Of course, in the modern era, the use of aircraft has greatly changed the ability to control territory and provide defensive capabilities. But the Crimean War came close. But it lost to an allegiance of the French and British, which had more effective naval forces. The concept of geopolitics or geopolitik, as Germans called it was proposed by Swedish political scientist Rudolf Kjellen in
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Territoriality, Organic theory, Heartland theory, Rim-land theory, Allocational and Operational boundaries Olivia Carter, Mia Shiflet, Mateo Babin-Young Territoriality Territoriality: Territoriality is the attempt to affect, influence and control the actions and interactions of a territory by asserting control over or attempting to control a specific geographic area.
Share Territoriality FUN FACT: Both animals and humans are very territorial because the amount of territory owned by a group or individual has a massive affect on the amount of power they receive. Share Territoriality example: Donald Trump is attempting to build a wall between Mexico and the United states to try and control or influence the amount of immigrants in the US. Share Share Question: How does territoriality connect to the Organic theory? Answer: Territoriality is the act of controlling territories and the organic theory states that without territories a country will not receive nourishment.
Countries receive nourishment by controlling what comes in and out of their territories through territoriality. Geopolitics refers to how politics play a role in geography. Share Share Organic theory example: The Mongol Empire biggest empire in history conquered as much land as possible in order to stay in power and receive a surplus of resources.
Share Share Question: What would happen to a country if they didnt claim resource rich lands? How does that connect to what would happen to an organism if it didnt get food? Answer: If a country did not claim resource rich lands, they would eventually either run out of resources and have to go into other territories which may start conflict or they may have to trade.
This connects to organisms because if an organism doesnt receive enough food it will either have to steal food from something else, trade for food, or die. Who rules the heartland commands the world island. Who commands the world island commands the world. These continents are the richest in the world because they contain ample amounts of valuable resources.
Share Heartland theory fun fact: The heartland is eastern Europe, the pivot area is the heartland, The world island is Europe, Africa and Asia, Eurasia the periphery is the rest of the world.
What Is Mackinder's Heartland Theory?
The heartland theory or Rimland determines the military role in inner crescent as well as on outer crescent capability of a military working on lands. According to Mackinder, if we make ourselves enable to build up a military power, which has the capability to make its inner lands secure then one state can rule over the world. But if you are unable to handle your inner crescent then you will be ruled by others. The role of outer crescent is defined by Spykman which focuses on the military role on seas as well as on the lands. The first one is pretty much cleared in his sayings that, if we control well our inner crescent i. We have seen this in case of Germany and Russia. If Germany could conquer Russia then it could control rest of the world.
Mackinder’s Heartland Theory – Explained!
What is the Organic Theory? The Organic Theory is a theory that states need territory to gain power. Proposed by Friedrich Ratzel German Geographer in Share Share Ratzel Said that a state requires nourishment, in the global context, this means territory — to gain political power. Share Example of the Organic Theory- Great empires like the Roman Empire conquered as they flourished to gain more power. Share Share What is the Rimland Theory? Coastal areas are the key to control, as it assists in the capturing of islands.
This theory regards political history as a continuous struggle between land and sea powers with the ultimate victory going to the continental power. This assertion was also supported by Kjellen. According to this theory, the continental power was represented by the world island which consisted of Eurasia and Africa comprising seven- eighth of total world population and two-third of the total land area of the world. Mackinder called it the Heartland total area being 11 million square kilometres. This Heartland was perceived as the greatest natural fortress on earth surrounded on all sides by geographical barriers.