Montenegro in Nineteenth-century Montenegrin society was quite primitive even by contemporary standards. These areas had been de facto independent from the Ottoman Empire since the Treaty of Passarowitz in , though elements of self-governance had existed since the earliest days of Turkish rule in the 15th century. For decades, Ottoman authorities treated the inhabitants of western Montenegro and eastern Herzegovina as unsubjected filuricis who were only obligated to pay a fixed amount of Florentine ducats florin to the Ottomans each year. Though the privileges granted the highlanders were meant to allay public dissatisfaction in these poor but strategically vital regions on the Venetian border, by the late 16th century, they ended up having the opposite effect. The Serbs began shunning Ottoman tax collectors entirely, and when the Ottomans attempted to impose some of the taxes normally paid by other Christian subjects, the Serbs revolted and carved out their own autonomous region.
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Nabar In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Articles containing Serbian-language text. The Mountain Wreath, considered the greatest work in Serbian literature, It is a modern epic written in verse as a playthus combining three of the major modes of literary expression.
He subjects the entire plot and all characters to this central idea. Aside from many powerful metaphors, striking images, and a healthy dose of humour which enlivens an otherwise gorsii and often tragic atmosphere, the poem also features numerous profound thoughts, frequently expressed in the laconic proverbial manner, with many verses later becoming famous proverbs,  for example:.
Poetry or a Blueprint for the Final Solution? In his foreword to the first English edition of the poem inAnglicist Vasa D. This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Torn by inner conflict he sees that the struggle is inevitable, but dreads the issues. Views Read Edit View history. The Mountain Wreath — Wikipedia The characters fight to correct a local flaw in their society — the presence of turncoats whose allegiance is to a foreign power bent on conquest — but they are at the same time involved in a struggle between good and evil.
Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro today Montenegro. Islam in the Balkans: Michael Sellsa professor of Islamic History and Literature shares a similar view, stating that the poem, a required reading in all schools in prewar Yugoslavia is notable for its celebration of ethnic cleansing.
Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide. With its call for the extermination of those Montenegrins who had converted to Islam, the poem was also a paean to ethnic cleansing He also shows that man must forever fight for his rights and for whatever he attains, for nothing comes by chance.
In Trencsenyi, Balazs; Kopecek, Michal. Religion and the Politics of Identity in Kosovo. The Formation of National Movements. The basic theme of The Mountain Wreath is the struggle for freedom, justice and dignity. Employing a decasyllabilic metre, the poem is written in the pure language of Serbian epic folk poetry.
Torn by inner conflict he sees that the struggle is inevitable, but dreads the issues. With a strong philosophical basis in its verses The Mountain Wreath depicts three distinct, opposing civilizations: the heroic-patriarchal classic Montenegro, the oriental-Islamic Ottoman Empire and the west-European Venetian civilization. He subjects the entire plot and all characters to this central idea. For him, the Islamization of Montenegrins represents the initial stage in the process of dissolving the traditional socio-cultural values that are so typical for Montenegro, and he condemns the converts for not being conscious of that fact. The characters fight to correct a local flaw in their society — the presence of turncoats whose allegiance is to a foreign power bent on conquest — but they are at the same time involved in a struggle between good and evil. He also shows that man must forever fight for his rights and for whatever he attains, for nothing comes by chance.
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