GLIOCLADIUM ROSEUM PDF

Genera: Nectria, Hypocrea, Nectriopsis telemorphs of Gliocladium Description and Natural Habitats Gliocladium is a mitosporic filamentous fungus which is widely distributed in soil and decaying vegetation [ , ]. It is commonly considered as a contaminant. The older obselete names for this genus are Acrostalagmus, Isaria, and Verticillium. The telemorphs of the genus Gliocladium are included in the genera Nectria, Hypocrea, and Nectriopsis [ ]. Species The genus Gliocladium contains several species.

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Edit Given that it is a fungus, this organism is a parasitic growth. It has a reddish hue and is fairly small. It uses plants by playing the role of an endophyte, absorbs material in soil as a saprophyte and is also known to be parasitic towards other fungues and nematodes. It produces a wide range of toxic compounds used to ward off other fungi, bacteria, and insects.

The emissions of a certain strain, found in ulmo trees in the rainforests of Patagonia and Chile, have been said to resemble diesel, and are refered to as myco-diesel. Effects on other living Organisms Edit This fungus helps prevent the growth of grey mold, or Botrytis cinerea by suppressing the production of spores.

Range and Frequency Edit This strain is found in rainforests. The myco-diesel producing variant is found in Pantagonia and Chile. Given that it is a fungus, they are found in large amounts in their specified locations as mentioned above. However, each one found has different chemical qualities, and only the ones found in Pantagonia and Chile have the biofuel requirements that merit their finding. Professor Gary Strobel of Montana State University, the man who discovered the diesel strain, said, "this is the only organism that has ever been shown to produce such an important combination of fuel substances.

The former procuded a wide range of acetic acid esters of straight chained alkanes, decade, undecane, cyclohexane and more, while the latter formed heptane, benzene, octane and other hydrocarbons.

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