He moved with his family at the age of two years to Southern California. Drafted by the Army during World War II, he joined the Navy and became a Marine fighter pilot, and served in the Pacific theatre off an aircraft carrier. In , he started his career dealing with youth as a counselor at a probation ranch home for delinquent boys. Subsequently, he spent twenty years working in public schools , engaged in corrective interventions intended to help troubled and troublesome children stay out of trouble. Over the next eleven years at California State University, Fullerton , he trained corrective counselors to identify deviant habits of children, parents, and teachers, and to apply techniques aimed at enabling them to abandon such habits. Development of temperament theories[ edit ] Keirsey has written extensively about his model of four temperaments Artisan , Guardian , Idealist , and Rational and sixteen role variants.
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Word to your SJ mother. Please Understand Me II by David Keirsey covers practical aspects of the 16 Myers-Briggs types - communication style, decision making, interests, leadership style and tons more.
It assumes, presumably because it is a sequel, that you have a basic understanding of MBTI and that you know your own type. I also found it helpful to think of people I know in the various types as I was reading about them. This encouraged revelations such as, "so, that is why my boss is an insane masochist. They have logical reasons for driving you nuts that are completely consistent with how they see the world.
With a little knowledge and self-awareness you can figure out why that is and see them for the valuable, well-intentioned people that they are. That is total shenanigans. Which, apparently, according to the numbers, I am. He breaks the 16 types into four main groups based on two factors: word usage and tool usage.
You can use words in an abstract way Ns as described above or concretely Ss. You can also use tools - and tools refers to nearly everything: roads, houses, clothes, politics - in a cooperative or utilitarian way. Cooperative usage means you consider the morals of the tool you are using based on societal or idealized norms. Utilitarian means you use tools in the most effective way to get the job done, whether or not it is moral.
The book has convenient stand-alone chapters for each type so you can skip around to read about yourself or your spouse right from the start. Each chapter contains an introduction story of a famous person of that type, a historical retrospective Rationals were once referred to as "phlegmatics" because they are bland and detached like mucous , and a breakdown of self-image and orientation in the world. At the end of the chapters, each of the 4 variants within the overarching types is described in detail - priorities, strengths, relationships.
The format helps the reader understand what different variants have in common but also emphasizes the subtle unique qualities in the similar groupings. It helps make sense of why an introvert, scheduling aka anal idealist INFJ would gravitate towards working as a one-on-one counselor, while an extrovert, scheduling idealist ENFJ would prefer the group environment as a teacher.
I think the greatest value in understanding Myers-Briggs types is actually to use it as a self-discovery tool. The chapter on SPs my polar opposites nearly made me cry. Did you know there are people that get total and complete enjoyment out of the actual moment they are living in?!?
They feel free to just do whatever makes them happy without any concern about whether they have to go to work tomorrow or if it will piss of their mother. That sounds amazing. And totally undoable for me. I love Myers-Briggs and this was a great guide to the types.
Totally recommended for anyone trying to figure out their families or coworkers or looking for a little more self-understanding.
Learn about Keirsey Books
Word to your SJ mother. Please Understand Me II by David Keirsey covers practical aspects of the 16 Myers-Briggs types - communication style, decision making, interests, leadership style and tons more. It assumes, presumably because it is a sequel, that you have a basic understanding of MBTI and that you know your own type. I also found it helpful to think of people I know in the various types as I was reading about them.
Please Understand Me: Character and Temperament Types
Please Understand Me II: Temperament, Character, Intelligence