BASSO OSTINATO VLASOV PDF

Ведёт происхождение от полифонич. В вв. Нек-рые старинные танцы - пассакалия, чакона и др. Эта форма сохранилась и после того, как пассакалия и чакона утратили танц.

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This style was emulated by other bel canto composers, especially Vincenzo Bellini ; and later by Wagner in pure instrumental terms, discarding the closing vocal cadenza. Applicable in homophonic and contrapuntal textures they are "repetitive rhythmic-harmonic schemes", more familiar as accompanimental melodies, or purely rhythmic.

Over this, the main melodic line moves freely, varying the phrase-lengths, while being "to some extent predetermined by the repeating pattern of the canon in the lower two voices. However, he cautions, "it might more properly be termed a musical device than a musical form.

One of these was his version of "Laetatus sum", an imposing setting of Psalm that pits a four note "ostinato of unquenchable energy. However, this is not the only ostinato pattern that Purcell uses in the opera. A particularly fine and complex example is his Fantasia upon a Ground for three violins and continuo: Purcell Fantasia in 3 parts to a ground The intervals in the above pattern are found in many works of the Baroque Period.

Late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries[ edit ] Ostinatos feature in many works of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Mozart uses an ostinato phrase throughout the big scene that ends Act 2 of the Marriage of Figaro , to convey a sense of suspense as the jealous Count Almaviva tries in vain to incriminate the Countess, his wife, and Figaro, his butler, for plotting behind his back.

A famous type of ostinato, called the Rossini crescendo, owes its name to a crescendo that underlies a persistent musical pattern, which usually culminates in a solo vocal cadenza. The "Transformation music" that supports this change of scene is dominated by the iterated tolling of four bells: Brahms used ostinato patterns in both the finale of his Fourth Symphony and in the closing section of his Variations on a Theme by Haydn : Brahms Variations on a Theme by Haydn, final section with ground bass Twentieth century[ edit ] Debussy featured an ostinato pattern throughout his Piano Prelude "Des pas sur la Neige".

In conversation with the composer, his friend and colleague Robert Craft remarked "Your music always has an element of repetition, of ostinato. What is the function of ostinato?

In the first of his Three Pieces for String Quartet , Stravinsky sets up three repeated patterns, which overlap one another and never coincide. The choir sing a melody in triple time, while the bass instruments in the orchestra play a 4-beat ostinato against this.

Ostinato figures are also played on string instruments such as the kora , gankoqui bell ensembles, and pitched drums ensembles. Often, African ostinatos contain offbeats or cross-beats , that contradict the metric structure. In the following example, a gyil sounds the three-against-two cross-rhythm hemiola. The left hand lower notes sounds the two main beats, while the right hand upper notes sounds the three cross-beats.

The African guitar parts have drawn from a variety of sources, including the indigenous mbira , as well as foreign influences such as James Brown -type funk riffs. However, the foreign influences are interpreted through a distinctly African ostinato sensibility. African guitar styles began with Congolese bands doing Cuban "cover" songs. The Cuban guajeo had a both familiar and exotic quality to the African musicians. Gradually, various regional guitar styles emerged, as indigenous influences became increasingly dominant within these Africanized guajeos.

However, performers of African popular music do not perceive these progressions in the same way. Harmonic progressions which move from the tonic to the subdominant as they are known in European music have been used in Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony for hundreds of years. Their elaborations follow all the conventions of traditional African harmonic principles. The guajeo is a hybrid of the African and European ostinato. The following example shows a basic guajeo pattern.

Cuban guajeo written in cut-time.

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BASSO OSTINATO VLASOV PDF

This style was emulated by other bel canto composers, especially Vincenzo Bellini ; and later by Wagner in pure instrumental terms, discarding the closing vocal cadenza. Applicable in homophonic and contrapuntal textures they are "repetitive rhythmic-harmonic schemes", more familiar as accompanimental melodies, or purely rhythmic. Over this, the main melodic line moves freely, varying the phrase-lengths, while being "to some extent predetermined by the repeating pattern of the canon in the lower two voices. However, he cautions, "it might more properly be termed a musical device than a musical form. One of these was his version of "Laetatus sum", an imposing setting of Psalm that pits a four note "ostinato of unquenchable energy. However, this is not the only ostinato pattern that Purcell uses in the opera. A particularly fine and complex example is his Fantasia upon a Ground for three violins and continuo: Purcell Fantasia in 3 parts to a ground The intervals in the above pattern are found in many works of the Baroque Period.

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