BAKASSI PENINSULA PDF

See also: Cameroon—Nigeria border After the independence of both Nigeria and Cameroon in , [1] [2] the status of British Cameroons was unclear. A United Nations-sponsored and supervised plebiscite took place the following February resulting in the northern part of the territory voting to remain part of Nigeria, while the southern part voted for reunification with Cameroon. One of the resultant disputes was in the Bakassi Peninsula, an area with large oil and gas reserves, [4] which had been de facto administered by Nigeria. Cameroon claimed that the British—German border agreements in should demarcate the border between the two countries. Nigeria claimed that Cameroonian soldiers fired first on the Nigerian patrol.

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See also: Cameroon—Nigeria border After the independence of both Nigeria and Cameroon in , [1] [2] the status of British Cameroons was unclear. A United Nations-sponsored and supervised plebiscite took place the following February resulting in the northern part of the territory voting to remain part of Nigeria, while the southern part voted for reunification with Cameroon.

One of the resultant disputes was in the Bakassi Peninsula, an area with large oil and gas reserves, [4] which had been de facto administered by Nigeria. Cameroon claimed that the British—German border agreements in should demarcate the border between the two countries.

Nigeria claimed that Cameroonian soldiers fired first on the Nigerian patrol. A couple of months later Nigeria claimed that Cameroon was annexing nine fishing settlements on the peninsula. The following July the Nigerians occupied the town of Kontcha.

The Nigerian Army made veiled threats that it would occupy some areas around Lake Chad. On 17 February , the Nigeria-occupied territory close to Lake Chad received 3, refugees from the village of Karena after they fled from a violent crackdown by the Cameroonians.

During the crackdown 55 people were burnt alive; 90 others were wounded and parts of the village were torched as well. Soon after another incident was reported close to the Cameroon—Nigeria frontier; Cameroonian gendarmes attacked the village of Abana in Cross River State over the border, killing 6 people and sinking 14 fishing boats. France stated that it had stationed two helicopters and fifteen paratroopers in Cameroon, but had not deployed to the peninsula. Between late and early French forces established a military base close to the disputed territory.

The fighting between to is believed to have claimed 70 lives. They had to choose between giving up their Nigerian nationality; keeping it and being treated as foreign nationals; [23] or leaving the peninsula and moving to Nigeria. The Nigerian Army agreed to withdraw at least 3, soldiers [4] within 60 days.

They used pirate tactics in their struggle: attacking ships, kidnapping sailors and carrying out seaborne raids on targets as far away as Limbe and Douala. Nigeria denied involvement in the clashes and claimed its soldiers were also attacked by an unknown armed group; it also claimed none of its soldiers were killed.

The region was beset by both Nigerian criminals and rebels; [35] and a previously unknown rebel group called the Liberators of the Southern Cameroon claimed responsibility for some killings. On 14 August Cameroon assumed complete control of Bakassi. On the 16th they captured two Cameroonians.

This angered many Nigerians and prompted the Nigerian government to threaten military intervention. This intervention never materialised. A lack of identification documents made a number of Nigerians [41] at risk of becoming stateless, after the ceding of Bakassi. According to the academic Agbor Beckly the Cameroonian police want them to leave. Since September more than a third of the local Nigerian population has fled to Nigeria.

According to the state government, Cameroonian soldiers subsequently moved into Abana and arrested 15 people suspected of having participated in the killings.

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Bakassi Peninsula dispute

The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at between , and , people. These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms. This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. Most of the population make their living through fishing. The peninsula is commonly described as "oil-rich", though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.

ISO 3506-2 PDF

Bakassi Peninsula

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